Central Venous Occlusion Treatment
Central venous occlusion, or obstruction, is a condition in the upper extremities where the vein coming from the arm into the chest becomes narrowed, blocked, or pinched, ultimately cutting off blood flow. The occlusion is the blockage of the vein and is typically a result of a blood clot.
Causes & Symptoms of Occlusion
Central venous occlusion is usually seen in young people that use their arms in repetitive tasks and motions such as house painting, swimming, or vigorous arm exercises. By overusing the muscles, thickening occurs and can pinch the vein, cutting off blood flow. Although it is most common in people from teens to those in their forties, the elderly can also develop occlusion due to complications of medical procedures.
Central venous occlusions are often common signs of complications for patients undergoing dialysis catheterization. Fistula placement and the presence of an ipsilateral vascular access can cause swelling due to an increase in blood flow to the extremities. Central venous catheters used for dialysis also increase the likelihood of developing central venous occlusion.
Symptoms of central venous occlusion include:
- Sudden and acute pain
- Edema, aka swelling, in the arms or face
- Discoloration of the arm
- Shortness of breath
- Anticoagulation therapy – this form of therapy uses medicine for the prevention or treatment of blood clots.
- Thrombolysis – also known as thrombolytic therapy, this is a treatment that dissolves blood clots in veins to improve blood flow while preventing any damage to tissues and organs.
If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek out a professional medical diagnosis. The specialists at PA Vascular Institute provide expert advice to patients in Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton, PA. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.
Endovascular interventions are often used for central venous occlusion treatment, including recanalization, angioplasty, and stenting. Recanalization or reconstruction of an occluded vein requires access to the damaged area. With the use of catheters and guidewires, the damaged area can be accessed for repair. Recanalization can be done under local anesthesia, and patients can quickly return to their daily activities.
Angioplasty is when a catheter is used to insert a small balloon into the patient’s vein. The balloon is then inflated to open the vein that has been previously blocked off or obstructed. In order to keep the vein open after this procedure, a stent can be inserted.
Other treatments available to patients are:
With extensive experience and specialization in central venous occlusion treatments, the doctors at PA Vascular Institute are committed to getting patients back to their daily activities as soon as possible. By using minimally invasive methods and cutting-edge technology, we are able to reduce recovery time significantly. Our goal is to get to the root of the problem and fix it so patients can live pain-free. For less pain and quicker results for patients located in Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton, PA, and the surrounding areas, contact PA Vascular Institute and learn more about how our doctors treat central venous occlusion.